Tooth extraction is performed when patients suffer from broken, cracked, excessively decayed tooth, advanced gum disease or have tooth which cannot be salvaged with filling or root canal. Tooth extraction may also be indicated during orthodontic (braces) treatment to create space, allowing alignment of your teeth.
Before tooth extraction, our dentist will perform a dental examination. It may be aided with an X-ray to allow our dentist evaluate the internal aspects of the tooth, root and bone surrounding it. Our dentist will then formulate a diagnosis as to whether the tooth should be extracted. Tooth extraction may be performed under local, sedation or general anesthetic. Most extractions do not cause much discomfort. But if required our dentist may prescribe pain killers or antibiotics.
Our dentist has an expertise with tooth extraction and specialize in making it a comfortable experience for you.
Wisdom Tooth Removal
Some people are lucky enough not to have problems with their wisdom teeth. Therefore any people decide to undergo wisdom tooth extraction procedures these days. Removal of wisdom teeth is the most common oral surgery procedures and it offers protection for one’s overall oral health.
During adolescent, most people’s third molars begin to erupt through the gum line at the very back of their mouths. In many cases, the jaw space cannot accommodate these wisdom teeth, leading to either crowding of existing teeth or impaction of the teeth in question. Removing crowded teeth is important as they can misalign your bite, cause jaw pain and other dental problems. There is also a chance that impacted wisdom tooth may grow at a wrong angle into neighboring tooth or stop growing even though it has only partially emerged from the gum. This can result in pain and swelling if the tooth is infected or if there is tooth decay due to trapped food.
Before the surgery, our dentist will provide information such as what to expect during and after the surgery, Medisave claim limit and procedure, consent form and provide you with personalized instructions to follow.
Our dentist will take a dental X-ray and perform thorough examination so as to assess the condition of your wisdom teeth and make recommendations on whether they should be removed. An x-ray will confirm the number of wisdom teeth in a person’s mouth, indicate whether any of these teeth are unerupted and allows full radiographic examination of the upper and lower jaw architecture and all the existing teeth. The risks and benefits of wisdom teeth removal will be explained and discussed.
Impacted wisdom tooth may grow at a wrong angle and into neighboring tooth or stop growing while only partially emerged from the gum. This can result in pain and swelling if infected or tooth decay due to trapped food. The damage may extend to the adjacent healthy teeth and the surrounding jawbones. Impacted wisdom teeth can also develop into cysts, abscess and tumors.
It is common for an impacted wisdom tooth to show no significant symptoms and it is difficult to predict when an impacted tooth may cause problems, which normally happens later in life. Very often, we see the condition of the good tooth in front of an impacted wisdom tooth deteriorate due to the position of the wisdom tooth. If the wisdom tooth is deeply embedded, it may be possible to leave it and review with x-rays regularly. An asymptomatic deeply embedded wisdom tooth may turn into a cyst and will require a more extensive surgery to remove the tooth.
It is recommended that wisdom teeth are removed during teenage years or in the early 20s. People in this age group recover faster.
The procedure normally takes approximately 15 to 45 minutes, including preparation time.
It is a safe procedure. Due to the location of the wisdom teeth, a rare complication is numbness of the tongue, lip or chin. This happens very rarely and when it does it is usually temporary.
Wisdom teeth are usually non-functional. You will not suffering from lack of chewing ability because of wisdom teeth removal.
You can resume normal daily activities within a few hours.
In some cases, you may experience some swelling and mild discomfort. It is crucial to take the prescribed medication and following our post-surgery care instructions for a speedy recovery.
- Infection: Most are minor and will subside with local incision and drainage, and antibiotics. The whole course of antibiotics should be completed.
- Tooth root fracture: The roots may be retrieved or left in situ. The dentist may decide to leave the root in situ if there is no pathology or if the root is very close to the nerve or at an unfavourable anatomical site.
- Dry socket: This occurs when blood clot is dislodged from the extraction site and bone is exposed in the early healing stage. It is usually seen in women on oral contraceptive pills and smokers. If you experience a constant throbbing pain that lasts for many days, contact the dentist.
- Numbness or altered sensation: An impacted lower wisdom tooth may be close to the nerve. When the nerve is injured during extraction, it will usually heal. Bruising of the nerve may cause numbness, tingling and loss of feeling in teeth, lips, cheeks, tongue, chin and gum and it may be temporary or permanent.
- Displaced tooth: In some cases, an impacted tooth may be displaced into the sinus and the different spaces around the jaw.
- Jaw fracture
- Please refer to Oral Surgery: Post-Surgery Care